Languages

Basic Words and Phrases in Slovenian

The flag of Slovenia

About Slovenian

Slovenian is a South Slavic language primarily spoken in Slovenia, a country located in Central Europe. It is also spoken by Slovenian communities in neighboring countries and emigrant communities worldwide. Slovenian is closely related to other South Slavic languages, such as Serbian and Croatian. It has its own unique grammar system, featuring noun declension, verb conjugation, and grammatical cases. Slovenian uses the Latin-based alphabet with diacritical marks. It has preserved many archaic features of the Proto-Slavic language and has developed its own vocabulary. Slovenian plays an essential role in Slovenian culture, literature, and national identity.

Basic Words and Phrases

Learning a foreign language opens up a world of opportunities, allowing you to connect with people from different cultures and expand your horizons. Whether you're planning a trip or simply curious about a new language, mastering some basic words and phrases is a great place to start.

Yes
Ja
No
Ne
Please
Prosim
Yes, please
Da, prosim
No, thank you
Ne, hvala
Thanks
Hvala
Thank you
Hvala
Thank you very much
Najlepša hvala
You're welcome
Ni za kaj
No problem
Ni problema
Excuse me
Oprostite
I’m sorry
Oprostite
Sorry
Oprosti
Cheers!
Na zdravje!
Okay
V redu

Greetings

Greetings are an essential part of any language. Saying "hello" and "goodbye" can create an instant connection with native speakers. In many languages, "hello" is a universal term, but learning the specific greeting for the language you're interested in can show respect and appreciation. Similarly, learning how to say "goodbye" will help you leave a positive impression.

Hi
Živjo
Hello
Zdravo
Good day
Dober dan
Good morning
Dobro jutro
Good afternoon
Dober dan
Good evening
Dober večer
Good night
Lahko noč
Goodbye
Nasvidenje
See you later!
Se vidimo kasneje!
Have a nice day!
Imej lep dan!
Bye
Adijo

Conversations

Next, let's explore basic conversation starters. Asking "how are you?" or "what's your name?" in another language is a friendly way to engage with others. These simple phrases can pave the way for more meaningful conversations and help you build rapport.

How are you?
Kako si?
I'm fine
V redu
Good, thank you!
Dobro, hvala!
And you?
Pa ti?
Nice to meet you!
Lepo te je bilo srečati!
Pleased to meet you!
Me veseli, da sva se spoznala!
What is your name?
Kako vam je ime?
My name is …
Ime mi je …
Where are you from?
Kje si iz?
I am from …
Jaz sem iz ...
I don't speak Slovenian
Ne govorim slovensko
Do you speak English?
Govorite angleško?
I understand
Razumem
I do not understand
Ne razumem
I like it
Všeč mi je
I don't like it
Ni mi všeč
How is the weather today?
Kakšno je danes vreme?
Can you recommend any local attractions?
Lahko priporočate kake lokalne zanimivosti?

Hotel

When staying at a hotel in a foreign country, it's helpful to be familiar with some phrases that can assist you during your stay. Here are a few key phrases you can use in a hotel.

Hotel
Hotel
Reception
Sprejem
Reservation
Rezervacija
Hotel room
Hotelska soba
Key
Ključ
Breakfast
Zajtrk
I have a reservation
Imam rezervacijo
I would like to book a room
Rad bi rezerviral sobo
Do you have any rooms available?
Imate prosta soba?

Restaurant

When dining at restaurants in a foreign country, it's helpful to know phrases that can assist you during your meal. Being able to request a table, order food and drinks, and ask for the bill are important for a pleasant dining experience.

Restaurant
Restavracija
Menu
Meni
A table for one, please
Miza za eno osebo, prosim
A table for two, please
Miza za dve osebi, prosim
I would like a coffee, please
Rad bi kavo, prosim (m)
Rada bi kavo, prosim (f)
Enjoy your meal!
Dober tek!
Can I have the bill, please?
Lahko dobim račun, prosim?
Can you bring me the bill, please?
Mi lahko prineseš račun, prosim?
I would like to pay, please
Rad/Rada bi plačal, prosim (m)
Rad/Rada bi plačala, prosim (f)
The bill, please
Račun, prosim
Can I pay with cash?
Ali lahko plačam z gotovino?
Can I pay with card?
Ali lahko plačam s kartico?
Can I pay with credit card?
Ali lahko plačam s kreditno kartico?
Could you suggest something for me?
Bi mi lahko kaj predlagali?
Can I have a glass of water, please?
Ali lahko dobim kozarec vode, prosim?
Do you have any local specialties?
Imate kakšne lokalne posebnosti?

Food and drinks

Being able to order food and drinks, ask for recommendations, and express preferences or dietary restrictions will enhance your dining experience and allow you to explore the local cuisine.

Breakfast
Zajtrk
Lunch
Kosilo
Dinner
Večerja
Food
Hrana
Drinks
Pijače
Bread
Kruh
Sandwich
Sendvič
Cheese
Sir
Meat
Meso
Fish
Ribe
Vegetables
Zelenjava
Fruit
Sadje
Vegetarian
Vegetarijanski
I am a vegetarian
Sem vegetarijanec
Coffee
Kava
Tea
Čaj
Beer
Pivo
Wine
Vino
Juice
Sok
Water
Voda
Milk
Mleko
Dessert
Sladica
Salad
Solata
Soup
Juha

Places and Services

Just like how saying hello helps you connect with others, exploring phrases related to locations and services can greatly enhance your travel experience. Whether you're looking for important places like banks or post offices, these expressions can open up doors to immersing yourself in the local culture.

ATM
Bankomat
Bank
Banka
Beach
Plaža
Library
Knjižnica
Park
Park
Pharmacy
Lekarna
Post Office
Pošta
Tourist Information
Turistične informacije
Museum
Muzej

Shopping

Knowing how to ask for the price, request a different size or color, or simply say "I'm just looking" can be useful when shopping in local markets or stores.

Store
Trgovina
Supermarket
Supermarket
Grocery store
Trgovina z živili
Market
Trg
Bakery
Pekarna
Bookstore
Knjigarna
How much does this cost?
Koliko to stane?
Can I get a receipt?
Ali lahko dobim račun?
I'm just looking
Samo gledam
Sunglasses
Sončna očala
Umbrella
Dežnik

Directions

Learning phrases related to asking for directions, understanding common landmarks, and getting around the city will help you navigate unfamiliar places with ease.

Where is the toilet?
Kje je stranišče?
Where is the beach?
Kje je plaža?
How do I get to the airport?
Kako pridem do letališča?
Left
Levo
Right
Desno
Straight ahead
Naravnost
Is it far from here?
Je to daleč od tu?
Can you show it on the map?
Ali lahko pokažete na zemljevidu?
How long does it take to walk there?
Koliko časa traja hoja tja?

Transport

Familiarizing yourself with phrases for using public transportation, such as asking for a ticket, stating your destination, or inquiring about schedules, will make your travel experience smoother and more efficient.

Airport
Letališče
Plane
Letalo
Train station
Železniška postaja
Train
Vlak
Bus station
Avtobusna postaja
Bus
Avtobus
Taxi
Taksi
Ticket
Vovosnica
Can I get a ticket to Ljubljana?
Ali lahko dobim vozovnico za Ljubljano?
I would like a ticket to Ljubljana
Rad vozovnico za Ljubljano (m)
Rada vozovnico za Ljubljano (f)
I need a ticket to Ljubljana
Potrebujem vozovnico za Ljubljano
A ticket to Ljubljana, please
Prosim, vozovnica za Ljubljano
What time is the next train to Ljubljana?
Koliko je naslednji vlak za Ljubljano?
When is the next train to Ljubljana?
Kdaj je naslednji vlak za Ljubljano?
When does the next train to Ljubljana leave?
Kdaj odpelje naslednji vlak za Ljubljano?

Emergencies

When you're in a different country, it's really important to be aware of emergency phrases such as 'help,' 'hospital,' and 'police.' Using expressions like 'emergency' and 'I need help' can help you overcome language barriers and make sure you're ready for any unexpected situations that might occur. Having a good grasp of these phrases will help keep you safe and give you peace of mind while traveling.

Help!
Pomoč!
Help me!
Pomoč!
I need help
Potrebujem pomoč
I need assistance
Potrebujem pomoč
I need a doctor
Potrebujem zdravnika
Police
Policija
Police Station
Policijska postaja
Hospital
Bolnišnica
Ambulance
Reševalno vozilo
Doctor
Zdravnik
Fire department
Gasilska brigada
Fire!
Ogenj!

Time

Effortlessly asking and telling the time enhances your travel experience, from coordinating schedules to catching transportation, adding a valuable layer to your linguistic toolkit for effective communication during your stay.

What time is it?
Koliko je ura?
It is one o'clock
Je ena ura
It is half past two
Je pol dveh
Morning
Jutro
Afternoon
Popoldne
Evening
Večer
Night
Noč
Today
Danes
Tomorrow
Jutri
Yesterday
Včeraj

Numbers

Learning numbers is essential for tasks like counting, ordering quantities, or understanding prices.

Zero
Nic
One
Ena
Two
Dva
Three
Tri
Four
Štiri
Five
Pet
Six
Šest
Seven
Sedem
Eight
Osem
Nine
Devet
Ten
Deset
Eleven
Enajst
Twelve
Dvanajst
Thirteen
Trinajst
Fourteen
Štirinajst
Fifteen
Petnajst
Sixteen
Šestnajst
Seventeen
Sedemnajst
Eighteen
Osemnajst
Nineteen
Devetnajst
Twenty
Dvajset
Twenty-one
Enaindvajset
Twenty-two
Dvaindvajset
Twenty-three
Triindvajset
Twenty-four
Štiriindvajset
Twenty-five
Petindvajset
Twenty-six
Šestindvajset
Twenty-seven
Sedemindvajset
Twenty-eight
Osemindvajset
Twenty-nine
Devetindvajset
Thirty
Trideset
Forty
Štirideset
Fifty
Petdeset
Sixty
Šestdeset
Seventy
Sedemdeset
Eighty
Osemdeset
Ninety
Devetdeset
Hundred
Sto
Two hundred
Dvesto
One thousand
Tisoč
Two thousand
Dva tisoč
Three thousand
Tri tisoč
Hundred thousand
Sto tisoč
Million
Milijon

Ordinal Numbers

Ordinal numbers play a crucial role in conveying sequence and order. Whether you're navigating travel itineraries, selecting seats, or exploring historical sites, understanding expressions like 'first,' 'second,' and so on is essential.

First
Prvi
Second
Drugi
Third
Tretji
Fourth
Četrti
Fifth
Peti
Sixth
Šesti
Seventh
Sedmi
Eighth
Osmi
Ninth
Deveti
Tenth
Deseti
Eleventh
Enajsti
Twelfth
Dvanajsti
Thirteenth
Trinajsti
Fourteenth
Štirinajsti
Fifteenth
Petnajsti
Sixteenth
Šestnajsti
Seventeenth
Sedemnajsti
Eighteenth
Osemnajsti
Nineteenth
Devetnajsti
Twentieth
Dvajseti

Days of the week

Knowing the names of the days of the week will help you schedule activities, make appointments, or plan your itinerary.

Monday
Ponedeljek
Tuesday
Torek
Wednesday
Sreda
Thursday
Četrtek
Friday
Petek
Saturday
Sobota
Sunday
Nedelja

Months

Being familiar with the names of the months will allow you to discuss dates, make reservations, or talk about specific time frames.

January
Januar
February
Februar
March
Marec
April
April
May
Maj
June
Junij
July
Julij
August
Avgust
September
September
Oktober
Oktober
November
November
December
December

Question Words

Understanding basic question words like who, what, where, when, why, and how will enable you to ask for information or clarification in various situations.

What?
Kaj?
What is that?
Kaj je to?
What do you need?
Kaj potrebujete?
What do you like?
Kaj ti je všeč?
Where?
Kje?
Where is the toilet?
Kje je stranišče?
When?
Kdaj?
When is the next train?
Kdaj je naslednji vlak?
When can we meet?
Kdaj se lahko srečamo?
Why?
Zakaj?
Why is it expensive?
Zakaj je to drago?
How?
Kako?
How are you doing?
Kako se počutite?
How would you like to pay?
Kako bi želite plačati?
How far is this?
Kako daleč je to?
Which?
Katera? (f)
Kateri? (m)
Which book belongs to your sister?
Katera knjiga pripada tvoji sestri? (f)
Which car is yours?
Kateri avto je tvoj?
Which museum did you visit?
Kateri muzej si obiskal?
Which museums did you visit?
Katere muzeje si obiskal?
Which sandwich is yours?
Kateri sendvič je tvoj?
Who?
Kdo?
Who is that?
Kdo je to?
Who is your travel companion?
Kdo je tvoj sopotnik pri potovanju?
Whose?
Čigav?
Whose keys are these?
Čigavi so ti ključi?
Whose phone is ringing?
Čigav telefon zvoni?
Whose bag is this?
Čigava torba je to?
How many?
Koliko?
How many people were at the concert?
Koliko ljudi je bilo na koncertu?
How much?
Koliko?
How much does this cost?
Koliko to stane?

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Abbreviations used

infInformal
frmFormal
fFeminine
mMasculine
sgSingular
plPlural

About Me

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Hey there! I'm Rainier and I'm the person behind Roaming with Rainier. I've always been really into traveling and photography. I've been fortunate enough to visit incredible destinations and there are still so many more on my bucket list. My plan is to explore breathtaking places around the world and share my experiences through articles and reviews.

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