Languages

Basic Words and Phrases in Polish

The flag of Poland

About Polish

Polish is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland, where it is the official language. It is also spoken by Polish communities in various countries around the world. Polish is closely related to other Slavic languages like Czech, Slovak, and Russian. It has its own unique grammar system with noun declension, verb conjugation, and grammatical cases. Polish uses the Latin-based alphabet with diacritical marks. It has a rich vocabulary with many words derived from Slavic roots and borrowings from other languages. Polish plays a significant role in Polish literature, culture, and national identity.

Basic Words and Phrases

Learning a foreign language opens up a world of opportunities, allowing you to connect with people from different cultures and expand your horizons. Whether you're planning a trip or simply curious about a new language, mastering some basic words and phrases is a great place to start.

Yes
Tak
No
Nie
Please
Proszę
Yes, please
Tak, poproszę
No, thank you
Nie, dziękuję
Thanks
Dzięki
Thank you
Dziękuję
Thank you very much
Dziękuję bardzo
You're welcome
Proszę
No problem
Nie ma problemu
Excuse me
Przepraszam
I’m sorry
Przepraszam
Sorry
Przepraszam
Cheers!
Na zdrowie!
Okay
Dobrze

Greetings

Greetings are an essential part of any language. Saying "hello" and "goodbye" can create an instant connection with native speakers. In many languages, "hello" is a universal term, but learning the specific greeting for the language you're interested in can show respect and appreciation. Similarly, learning how to say "goodbye" will help you leave a positive impression.

Hi
Cześć
Hello
Cześć
Good day
Dzień dobry
Good morning
Dzień dobry
Good afternoon
Dzień dobry
Good evening
Dobry wieczór
Good night
Dobranoc
Goodbye
Do widzenia (inf)
See you later!
Narazie!
Have a nice day!
Miłego dnia!
Bye
Cześć (inf)

Conversations

Next, let's explore basic conversation starters. Asking "how are you?" or "what's your name?" in another language is a friendly way to engage with others. These simple phrases can pave the way for more meaningful conversations and help you build rapport.

How are you?
Jak się masz?
I'm fine
Nic mi nie jest
Good, thank you!
Dobrze, dziękuję!
And you?
A ty?
Nice to meet you!
Miło cię poznać!
Pleased to meet you!
Miło mi cię poznać!
What is your name?
Jak masz na imię?
My name is …
Mam na imię …
Where are you from?
Skąd pan jest?
I am from …
Jestem z ...
I don't speak Polish
Nie mówię po polsku
Do you speak English?
Czy mówisz po angielsku?
I understand
Rozumiem
I do not understand
Nie rozumiem
I like it
Podoba mi się
I don't like it
Nie podoba mi się
How is the weather today?
Jaka jest dzisiaj pogoda?
Can you recommend any local attractions?
Czy możesz polecić jakieś lokalne atrakcje?

Hotel

When staying at a hotel in a foreign country, it's helpful to be familiar with some phrases that can assist you during your stay. Here are a few key phrases you can use in a hotel.

Hotel
Hotel
Reception
Recepcja
Reservation
Rezerwacja
Hotel room
Pokój hotelowy
Key
Klucz
Breakfast
Śniadanie
I have a reservation
Mam rezerwację
I would like to book a room
Chciałbym zarezerwować pokój
Do you have any rooms available?
Czy mają Państwo wolne pokoje?

Restaurant

When dining at restaurants in a foreign country, it's helpful to know phrases that can assist you during your meal. Being able to request a table, order food and drinks, and ask for the bill are important for a pleasant dining experience.

Restaurant
Restauracja
Menu
Menu
A table for one, please
Poproszę stolik dla jednej osoby
A table for two, please
Poproszę stolik dla dwóch osób
I would like a coffee, please
Poproszę kawę
Enjoy your meal!
Smacznego!
Can I have the bill, please?
Poproszę rachunek
Can you bring me the bill, please?
Czy mógłbyś mi przynieść rachunek, proszę?
I would like to pay, please
Chciałabym zapłacić, proszę (f)
Chciałbym zapłacić, proszę (m)
The bill, please
Proszę rachunek
Can I pay with cash?
Czy mogę zapłacić gotówką?
Can I pay with card?
Czy mogę zapłacić kartą?
Can I pay with credit card?
Czy mogę zapłacić kartą kredytową?
Could you suggest something for me?
Czy mógłbyś coś zaproponować?
Can I have a glass of water, please?
Czy mogę prosić szklankę wody?
Do you have any local specialties?
Czy macie jakieś lokalne specjały?

Food and drinks

Being able to order food and drinks, ask for recommendations, and express preferences or dietary restrictions will enhance your dining experience and allow you to explore the local cuisine.

Breakfast
Śniadanie
Lunch
Obiad
Dinner
Kolacja
Food
Jedzenie
Drinks
Napoje
Bread
Chleb
Sandwich
Kanapka
Cheese
Ser
Meat
Mięso
Fish
Ryba
Vegetables
Warzywa
Fruit
Owoce
Vegetarian
Wegetariańskie
I am a vegetarian
Jestem wegetarianinem
Coffee
Kawa
Tea
Herbata
Beer
Piwo
Wine
Wino
Juice
Sok
Water
Woda
Milk
Mleko
Dessert
Deser
Salad
Sałatka
Soup
Zupa

Places and Services

Just like how saying hello helps you connect with others, exploring phrases related to locations and services can greatly enhance your travel experience. Whether you're looking for important places like banks or post offices, these expressions can open up doors to immersing yourself in the local culture.

ATM
Bankomat
Bank
Bank
Beach
Plaża
Library
Biblioteka
Park
Park
Pharmacy
Apteka
Post Office
Poczta
Tourist Information
Informacja turystyczna
Museum
Muzeum

Shopping

Knowing how to ask for the price, request a different size or color, or simply say "I'm just looking" can be useful when shopping in local markets or stores.

Store
Sklep
Supermarket
Supermarket
Grocery store
Sklep spożywczy
Market
Rynek
Bakery
Piekarnia
Bookstore
Księgarnia
How much does this cost?
Ile to kosztuje?
Can I get a receipt?
Czy mogę dostać paragon?
I'm just looking
Tylko się rozglądam
Sunglasses
Okulary przeciwsłoneczne
Umbrella
Parasol

Directions

Learning phrases related to asking for directions, understanding common landmarks, and getting around the city will help you navigate unfamiliar places with ease.

Where is the toilet?
Gdzie jest toaleta?
Where is the beach?
Gdzie jest plaża?
How do I get to the airport?
Jak dostać się na lotnisko?
Left
Lewa
Right
Prawo
Straight ahead
Prosto
Is it far from here?
Czy to daleko stąd?
Can you show it on the map?
Czy możesz to pokazać na mapie?
How long does it take to walk there?
Ile czasu zajmuje dojście tam pieszo?

Transport

Familiarizing yourself with phrases for using public transportation, such as asking for a ticket, stating your destination, or inquiring about schedules, will make your travel experience smoother and more efficient.

Airport
Lotnisko
Plane
Samolot
Train station
Dworzec kolejowy
Train
Pociąg
Bus station
Dworzec autobusowy
Bus
Autobus
Taxi
Taksówka
Ticket
Bilet
Can I get a ticket to Warsaw?
Czy mogę dostać bilet do Warszawy?
I would like a ticket to Warsaw
Cchciałabym bilet do Warszawy (f)
Chciałbym bilet do Warszawy (m)
I need a ticket to Warsaw
Potrzebny mi jest bilet do Warszawy
A ticket to Warsaw, please
Poproszę bilet do Warszawy
What time is the next train to Warsaw?
O której jest następny pociąg do Warszawy?
When is the next train to Warsaw?
Kiedy odjeżdża następny pociąg do Warszawy?
When does the next train to Warsaw leave?
Kiedy odjeżdża następny pociąg do Warszawy?

Emergencies

When you're in a different country, it's really important to be aware of emergency phrases such as 'help,' 'hospital,' and 'police.' Using expressions like 'emergency' and 'I need help' can help you overcome language barriers and make sure you're ready for any unexpected situations that might occur. Having a good grasp of these phrases will help keep you safe and give you peace of mind while traveling.

Help!
Pomoc!
Help me!
Pomocy!
I need help
Potrzebuję pomocy
I need assistance
Potrzebuję pomocy
I need a doctor
Potrzebuję lekarza
Police
Policja
Police Station
Posterunek policji
Hospital
Szpital
Ambulance
Karetka
Doctor
Lekarz
Fire department
Straż pożarna
Fire!
Ogień!

Time

Effortlessly asking and telling the time enhances your travel experience, from coordinating schedules to catching transportation, adding a valuable layer to your linguistic toolkit for effective communication during your stay.

What time is it?
Która jest godzina?
It is one o'clock
Jest pierwsza
It is half past two
Jest wpół do trzeciej
Morning
Rano
Afternoon
Popołudnie
Evening
Wieczór
Night
Noc
Today
Dzisiaj
Tomorrow
Jutro
Yesterday
Wczoraj

Numbers

Learning numbers is essential for tasks like counting, ordering quantities, or understanding prices.

Zero
Zero
One
Jeden
Two
Dwa
Three
Trzy
Four
Cztery
Five
Pięć
Six
Sześć
Seven
Siedem
Eight
Osiem
Nine
Dziewięć
Ten
Dziesięć
Eleven
Jedenaście
Twelve
Dwanaście
Thirteen
Trzynaście
Fourteen
Czternaście
Fifteen
Piętnaście
Sixteen
Szesnaście
Seventeen
Siedemnaście
Eighteen
Osiemnaście
Nineteen
Dziewiętnaście
Twenty
Dwadzieścia
Twenty-one
Dwadzieścia jeden
Twenty-two
Dwadzieścia dwa
Twenty-three
Dwadzieścia trzy
Twenty-four
Dwadzieścia cztery
Twenty-five
Dwadzieścia pięć
Twenty-six
Dwadzieścia sześć
Twenty-seven
Dwadzieścia siedem
Twenty-eight
Dwadzieścia osiem
Twenty-nine
Dwadzieścia dziewięć
Thirty
Trzydzieści
Forty
Czterdzieści
Fifty
Pięćdziesiąt
Sixty
Sześćdziesiąt
Seventy
Siedemdziesiąt
Eighty
Osiemdziesiąt
Ninety
Dziewięćdziesiąt
Hundred
Sto
Two hundred
Dwieście
One thousand
Tysiąc
Two thousand
Dwa tysiące
Three thousand
Trzy tysiące
Hundred thousand
Sto tysięcy
Million
Milion

Ordinal Numbers

Ordinal numbers play a crucial role in conveying sequence and order. Whether you're navigating travel itineraries, selecting seats, or exploring historical sites, understanding expressions like 'first,' 'second,' and so on is essential.

First
Pierwszy
Second
Drugi
Third
Trzeci
Fourth
Czwarty
Fifth
Piąty
Sixth
Szósty
Seventh
Siódmy
Eighth
Ósmy
Ninth
Dziewiąty
Tenth
Dziesiąty
Eleventh
Jedenasty
Twelfth
Dwunasty
Thirteenth
Trzynasty
Fourteenth
Czternasty
Fifteenth
Piętnasty
Sixteenth
Szesnasty
Seventeenth
Siedemnasty
Eighteenth
Osiemnasty
Nineteenth
Dziewiętnasty
Twentieth
Dwudziesty

Days of the week

Knowing the names of the days of the week will help you schedule activities, make appointments, or plan your itinerary.

Monday
Poniedziałek
Tuesday
Wtorek
Wednesday
Środa
Thursday
Czwartek
Friday
Piątek
Saturday
Sobota
Sunday
Niedziela

Months

Being familiar with the names of the months will allow you to discuss dates, make reservations, or talk about specific time frames.

January
Styczeń
February
Luty
March
Marzec
April
Kwiecień
May
Maj
June
Czerwiec
July
Lipiec
August
Sierpień
September
Wrzesień
Oktober
Daździernik
November
Listopad
December
Grudzień

Question Words

Understanding basic question words like who, what, where, when, why, and how will enable you to ask for information or clarification in various situations.

What?
Co?
Czego?
Jaki?
What is that?
Co to jest?
What do you need?
Czego potrzebujesz?
What day is it today?
Jaki dziś jest dzień?
What do you like?
Co lubisz?
Where?
Gdzie?
Where is the toilet?
Gdzie jest toaleta?
When?
Kiedy?
When is the next train?
Kiedy jest następny pociąg?
Why?
Dlaczego?
Why is it expensive?
Dlaczego to jest drogie?
How?
Jak?
How are you doing?
Jak się masz?
Which?
Która? (f)
Który? (m)
Which car is yours?
Który samochód jest twój?
Which sandwich is yours?
Która kanapka jest twoja?
Which one of these is your car?
Który to twój samochód?
Who?
Kto?
Who is that?
Kto to jest?
Who is your travel companion?
Kto jest twoim towarzyszem podróży?
Whose?
Czyje?
Whose keys are these?
Czyje to klucze?
Whose phone is ringing?
Czyj telefon dzwoni?
Whose bag is this?
Czyja to torba?
How many?
Ile?
How many people were at the concert?
Ile osób było na koncercie?
How much?
Ile?
How much does this cost?
Ile to kosztuje?

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Abbreviations used

infInformal
frmFormal
fFeminine
mMasculine
sgSingular
plPlural

About Me

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Hey there! I'm Rainier and I'm the person behind Roaming with Rainier. I've always been really into traveling and photography. I've been fortunate enough to visit incredible destinations and there are still so many more on my bucket list. My plan is to explore breathtaking places around the world and share my experiences through articles and reviews.

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