Languages

Basic Words and Phrases in Estonian

The flag of Estonia

About Estonian

Estonian is a Finno-Ugric language primarily spoken in Estonia, a country located in Northern Europe. It is closely related to Finnish and distantly related to Hungarian. Estonian is the official language of Estonia and is spoken by approximately 1.1 million people. It has a phonetic orthography, meaning the pronunciation can be determined from the written form. Estonian features a complex grammar system with a variety of cases, noun and adjective declensions, and verb conjugations. It uses the Latin-based alphabet with additional characters. Estonian has its unique vocabulary and is an integral part of Estonian culture and identity.

Basic Words and Phrases

Learning a foreign language opens up a world of opportunities, allowing you to connect with people from different cultures and expand your horizons. Whether you're planning a trip or simply curious about a new language, mastering some basic words and phrases is a great place to start.

Yes
Jah
No
Ei
Please
Palun
Yes, please
Jah, palun
No, thank you
Ei, aitäh
Thanks
Aitäh
Thank you
Aitäh
Thank you very much
Aitäh sulle väga
You're welcome
Ei ole midagi (It's nothing)
Pole tänu väärt (Don't mention it)
No problem
Pole probleemi
Excuse me
Vabandust
I’m sorry
Vabandust
Sorry
Vabandage
Cheers!
Tervist!
Okay
Okei

Greetings

Greetings are an essential part of any language. Saying "hello" and "goodbye" can create an instant connection with native speakers. In many languages, "hello" is a universal term, but learning the specific greeting for the language you're interested in can show respect and appreciation. Similarly, learning how to say "goodbye" will help you leave a positive impression.

Hi
Tere (frm)
Tervist (inf)
Hello
Tere (frm)
Tervist (inf)
Good day
Tere
Tere päevast
Good morning
Tere hommikust
Good afternoon
Tere päevast
Good evening
Tere õhtust
Good night
Head ööd
Goodbye
Head aega
See you later!
Näeme hiljem!
Have a nice day!
Ilusat päeva!
Bye
Hüvasti

Conversations

Next, let's explore basic conversation starters. Asking "how are you?" or "what's your name?" in another language is a friendly way to engage with others. These simple phrases can pave the way for more meaningful conversations and help you build rapport.

How are you?
Kuidas läheb?
I'm fine
Mul läheb hästi
Good, thank you!
Hea, aitäh!
And you?
Ja sinul?
Nice to meet you!
Meeldiv tutvuda
Tore sind tutvuda!
Pleased to meet you!
Rõõm sind tutvuda!
What is your name?
Mis su nimi on?
My name is …
Minu nimi on …
Where are you from?
Kust sa oled pärit?
I am from …
Ma olen pärit ...
I don't speak Estonian
Ma ei räägi eesti keelt
Do you speak English?
Kas sa räägid inglise keelt?
I understand
Ma saan aru
I do not understand
Ma ei saa aru
I like it
See meeldib mulle
I don't like it
See ei meeldi mulle
How is the weather today?
Kuidas on täna ilm?
Can you recommend any local attractions?
Kas saate soovitada mõnda kohalikku vaatamisväärsust?

Hotel

When staying at a hotel in a foreign country, it's helpful to be familiar with some phrases that can assist you during your stay. Here are a few key phrases you can use in a hotel.

Hotel
Hotell
Reception
Vastuvõtt
Reservation
Reservatsioon
Hotel room
Hotellituba
Key
Võti
Breakfast
Hommikusöök
I have a reservation
Mul on broneering
I would like to book a room
Ma sooviksin tuba broneerida
Do you have any rooms available?
Kas teil on vabu tube?

Restaurant

When dining at restaurants in a foreign country, it's helpful to know phrases that can assist you during your meal. Being able to request a table, order food and drinks, and ask for the bill are important for a pleasant dining experience.

Restaurant
Restoran
Menu
Menüü
A table for one, please
Laua jaoks ühele, palun
A table for two, please
Laua jaoks kahele, palun
I would like a coffee, please
Ma sooviksin ühte kohvi, palun
Enjoy your meal!
Head isu!
Can I have the bill, please?
Kas ma saaksin arve, palun?
Can you bring me the bill, please?
Kas saaksite mulle arve tuua, palun?
I would like to pay, please
Ma sooviksin maksta, palun
The bill, please
Arve, palun
Can I pay with cash?
Kas ma saan maksta sularahas?
Can I pay with card?
Kas ma saan maksta kaardiga?
Can I pay with credit card?
Kas ma saan maksta krediitkaardiga?
Could you suggest something for me?
Kas saaksite mulle midagi soovitada?
Can I have a glass of water, please?
Kas ma saaksin klaasi vett, palun?
Do you have any local specialties?
Kas teil on kohalikke eripärasid?

Food and drinks

Being able to order food and drinks, ask for recommendations, and express preferences or dietary restrictions will enhance your dining experience and allow you to explore the local cuisine.

Breakfast
Hommikusöök
Lunch
Lõunasöök
Dinner
Õhtusöök
Food
Toit
Drinks
Joogid
Bread
Leib
Sandwich
Võileib
Cheese
Juust
Meat
Liha
Fish
Kala
Vegetables
Köögiviljad
Fruit
Puuviljad
Vegetarian
Taimetoitlane
I am a vegetarian
Ma olen taimetoitlane
Coffee
Kohv
Tea
Tee
Beer
Õlu
Wine
Vein
Juice
Mahl
Water
Vesi
Milk
Piim
Dessert
Magustoit
Salad
Salat
Soup
Supp

Places and Services

Just like how saying hello helps you connect with others, exploring phrases related to locations and services can greatly enhance your travel experience. Whether you're looking for important places like banks or post offices, these expressions can open up doors to immersing yourself in the local culture.

ATM
Sularahaautomaat
Bank
Pank
Beach
Rand
Library
Raamatukogu
Park
Park
Pharmacy
Apteek
Post Office
Postkontor
Tourist Information
Turismiinfo
Museum
Muuseum

Shopping

Knowing how to ask for the price, request a different size or color, or simply say "I'm just looking" can be useful when shopping in local markets or stores.

Store
Pood
Supermarket
Supermarket
Grocery store
Toidupood
Market
Turg
Bakery
Pagariäri
Bookstore
Raamatupood
How much does this cost?
Kui palju see maksab?
Can I get a receipt?
Kas saaksin kviitungi?
I'm just looking
Ma vaatan lihtsalt
Sunglasses
Päikeseprillid
Umbrella
Vihmavari

Directions

Learning phrases related to asking for directions, understanding common landmarks, and getting around the city will help you navigate unfamiliar places with ease.

Where is the toilet?
Kus asub tualett?
Where is the beach?
Kus asub rand?
How do I get to the airport?
Kuidas ma lennujaama saan?
Left
Vasakule
Right
Paremale
Straight ahead
Otse edasi
Is it far from here?
Kas see on siit kaugel?
Can you show it on the map?
Kas saate selle kaardil näidata?
How long does it take to walk there?
Kui kaua aega kulub sinna jalutamiseks?

Transport

Familiarizing yourself with phrases for using public transportation, such as asking for a ticket, stating your destination, or inquiring about schedules, will make your travel experience smoother and more efficient.

Airport
Lennujaam
Plane
Lennuk
Train station
Rongijaam
Train
Rong
Bus station
Bussijaam
Bus
Buss
Taxi
Takso
Ticket
Pilet
Can I get a ticket to Tallinn?
Kas ma saaksin pileti Tallinna?
I would like a ticket to Tallinn
Ma sooviksin piletit Tallinna
I need a ticket to Tallinn
Mul on vaja piletit Tallinna
A ticket to Tallinn, please
Piletit Tallinna, palun
What time is the next train to Tallinn?
Millal on järgmine rong Tallinna?
When is the next train to Tallinn?
Millal on järgmine rong Tallinna?
When does the next train to Tallinn leave?
Millal järgmine rong Tallinna väljub?

Emergencies

When you're in a different country, it's really important to be aware of emergency phrases such as 'help,' 'hospital,' and 'police.' Using expressions like 'emergency' and 'I need help' can help you overcome language barriers and make sure you're ready for any unexpected situations that might occur. Having a good grasp of these phrases will help keep you safe and give you peace of mind while traveling.

Help!
Aitäh!
Help me!
Aita mind!
I need help
Mul on abi vaja
I need assistance
Mul on abi vaja
I need a doctor
Mul on vaja arsti
Police
Politsei
Police Station
Politseijaoskond
Hospital
Haigla
Ambulance
Kiirabi
Doctor
Arst
Fire department
Tuletõrje
Fire!
Tuli!

Time

Effortlessly asking and telling the time enhances your travel experience, from coordinating schedules to catching transportation, adding a valuable layer to your linguistic toolkit for effective communication during your stay.

What time is it?
Mis kell on?
It is one o'clock
On kell üks
It is half past two
On kell kaks ja pool
Morning
Hommik
Afternoon
Pärastlõuna
Evening
Õhtu
Night
Öö
Today
Täna
Tomorrow
Homme
Yesterday
Eile

Numbers

Learning numbers is essential for tasks like counting, ordering quantities, or understanding prices.

Zero
Null
One
Üks
Two
Kaks
Three
Kolm
Four
Neli
Five
Viis
Six
Kuus
Seven
Seitse
Eight
Kaheksa
Nine
Üheksa
Ten
Kümme
Eleven
Üksteist
Twelve
Kaksteist
Thirteen
Kolmteist
Fourteen
Neliteist
Fifteen
Viisteist
Sixteen
Kuusteist
Seventeen
Seitseteist
Eighteen
Kaheksateist
Nineteen
Üheksateist
Twenty
Kakskümmend
Twenty-one
Kakskümmend üks
Twenty-two
Kakskümmend kaks
Twenty-three
Kakskümmend kolm
Twenty-four
Kakskümmend neli
Twenty-five
Kakskümmend viis
Twenty-six
Kakskümmend kuus
Twenty-seven
Kakskümmend seitse
Twenty-eight
Kakskümmend kaheksa
Twenty-nine
Kakskümmend üheksa
Thirty
Kolmkümmend
Forty
Nelikümmend
Fifty
Viiskümmend
Sixty
Kuuskümmend
Seventy
Seitsekümmend
Eighty
Kaheksakümmend
Ninety
Üheksakümmend
Hundred
Sada
Two hundred
Kakssada
One thousand
Tuhat
Two thousand
Kaks tuhat
Three thousand
Kolm tuhat
Hundred thousand
Sada tuhat
Million
Miljon

Ordinal Numbers

Ordinal numbers play a crucial role in conveying sequence and order. Whether you're navigating travel itineraries, selecting seats, or exploring historical sites, understanding expressions like 'first,' 'second,' and so on is essential.

First
Esimene
Second
Teine
Third
Kolmas
Fourth
Neljas
Fifth
Viies
Sixth
Kuues
Seventh
Seitsmes
Eighth
Kaheksas
Ninth
Üheksas
Tenth
Kümnes
Eleventh
Üheteistkümnes
Twelfth
Kaheteistkümnes
Thirteenth
Kolmeteistkümnes
Fourteenth
Neljateistkümnes
Fifteenth
Viieteistkümnes
Sixteenth
Kuusteistkümnes
Seventeenth
Seitsmeteistkümnes
Eighteenth
Kaheksateistkümnes
Nineteenth
Üheksateistkümnes
Twentieth
Kaheteistkümnes

Days of the week

Knowing the names of the days of the week will help you schedule activities, make appointments, or plan your itinerary.

Monday
Esmaspäev
Tuesday
Teisipäev
Wednesday
Kolmapäev
Thursday
Neljapäev
Friday
Reede
Saturday
Laupäev
Sunday
Pühapäev

Months

Being familiar with the names of the months will allow you to discuss dates, make reservations, or talk about specific time frames.

January
Jaanuar
February
Veebruar
March
Märts
April
Aprill
May
Mai
June
Juuni
July
Juuli
August
August
September
September
Oktober
Oktoober
November
November
December
Detsember

Question Words

Understanding basic question words like who, what, where, when, why, and how will enable you to ask for information or clarification in various situations.

What?
Mida?
What is your name?
Mis on sinu nimi?
What is that?
Mis see on?
What is this called?
Kuidas seda nimetatakse?
What do you need?
Mida sa vajad?
What time is it?
Mis kell on?
What day is it today?
Mis päev on täna?
What do you like?
Mida sulle meeldib?
Where?
Kus?
Where is the toilet?
Kus on tualett?
When?
Millal?
When is the next train?
Millal on järgmine rong?
When can we meet?
Millal me saame kokku?
Why?
Miks?
Why is it expensive?
Miks on see kallis?
How?
Kuidas?
How are you doing?
Kuidas sul läheb?
How would you like to pay?
Kuidas sa soovid maksta?
How far is this?
Kui kaugel see on?
Which?
Milline?
Which book belongs to your sister?
Milline raamat kuulub su õele?
Which car is yours?
Milline auto on sinu oma?
Which museum did you visit?
Millises muuseumis sa käisid?
Which museums did you visit?
Millistes muuseumides sa käisid?
Which sandwich is yours?
Milline võileib on sinu oma?
Who?
Kes?
Who is that?
Kes see on?
Who is your travel companion?
Kes on sinu reisikaaslane?
Whose?
Kelle oma?
Whose keys are these?
Kellele need võtmed kuuluvad?
Whose phone is ringing?
Kelle telefon heliseb?
Whose bag is this?
Kellele see kott kuulub?
How many?
Kui palju?
How many people were at the concert?
Kui palju inimesi oli kontserdil?
How much?
Kui palju?
How much does this cost?
Kui palju see maksab?

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Abbreviations used

infInformal
frmFormal
fFeminine
mMasculine
sgSingular
plPlural

About Me

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Hey there! I'm Rainier and I'm the person behind Roaming with Rainier. I've always been really into traveling and photography. I've been fortunate enough to visit incredible destinations and there are still so many more on my bucket list. My plan is to explore breathtaking places around the world and share my experiences through articles and reviews.

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